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Czechoslovak military units in the USSR (1942 - 1945)
1st Czechoslovak Army Corps
2nd Czechoslovak Independent Parachute Brigade


General facts

From - to: 14.01. - 28.10.1944 1
Subordinate to: 2 09.09. - 1st Ukrainian front, Soviet 38th army, 67th rifle corps 3
06.10. - 1st Czechoslovak army in Slovakia 4
Commander: Colonel Vladimír Přikryl
Number: 04.09.1944 - 2 933 persons (including 15 women)
22.09.1944 - 2 144 persons
National composition: Czechs (14%), Slovaks (70%), Rusyns (15%), others (1%)
Composition: 110 officers, 1 047 non-commissioned officers, 93 technical-sergeants, 1 683 soldiers
Transfers: Yefremov (09.01.) - Proskurov (17.05.) - rw Przemysl [PL] - Carpathian Mountains - Kroschienko - Krosno - air airport Tri Duby [SK] - Badín (18.10.) - Trnie - Hájniky (25.10.) - Kremnička (26.10.) - Banská Bystrica - Dolovany - mountains Nízké Tatry
Main combat operations: Carpatho-Dukla's operation (12. - 19.09.1944) 5
Support of Slovak national uprising (06. - 28.10.1944)
Unit awards: Cs. war cross from 1939 for combats in Slovak national uprising
Cs. war cross from 1939 for combats in Slovak national uprising


Weapons and equipment

Rifle 1 282
Machine rifle 1 200
Light machine gun 78
Heavy machine gun 24
Anti-tank gun 78
Anti-aircraft machine-gun 12,7 mm 24
Anti-aircraft cannon 37 mm 4
Cannon 45 mm 16
Cannon 76 mm 12
Mortar 50 mm 18
Mortar 82 mm 12
Mortar 120 mm 6
Armor vehicle 10
Light tank 22


Structure of unit


subaltern units

Notes:
  1. After defeat of Slovak national uprising the rest of the 2nd Parachute Brigade moved into guerrilla war. From 23.01.1945 started organization of the 2th Independent Brigade, where supposed that main core will be build up from the rest of the 2nd Paradesant Brigade, which from October 1944 fought in mountains. But that time was organized as infantry unit. 2th Independent Brigade did not come into fight, the end of war (08.05.1945) overtook unit in city Žilina, from where was sent to protect Slovak-Hungarian borders.
  2. Was disciplinary subordinated to command of the 1st Czechoslovak Army Corps, but in combat actions subordinated to Czechoslovak command in Slovakia.
  3. Under command general Shmygo.
  4. Till 06.10. under command brigade general Ján Golian, after it under command division general Rudolf Viest.
  5. During combats in Carpathian mountains were 143 persons killed, 438 wounded, 20 missed.

Abbreviations:
rw = railway, air = airborne, [SK] = Slovakia, [PL] = Poland.


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