|Czechoslovak military units in the USSR (1942 - 1945)
1st Czechoslovak Independent Field Battalion
|From - to:
||12.02.1942 - 10.05.1943
Voronezh Front 1
03.03. - Soviet 3rd Tank Army 2, 25th Guards Rifle Division 3
07.03. - Soviet 3rd Tank Army, 62nd Guards Rifle Division 4
||Colonel Ludvík Svoboda
||30.01.1943 - 974 persons (including 38 women)
||Czechs (?), Slovaks (?), Rusyns 264 (27,1%), Jews (?) 5
||26 officers, 244 non-commissioned officers, 10 technical-sergeants, 694 soldiers
||Buzuluk (12.02.42 - 30.01.43) - rw Ostrogozsk (18.02.) - rw Valujki (19.02.) - Olhovatka - Volohovka - Volchansk - Murom - Brodok - Bessonovka - Belgorod - Kharkov (01.03.) - Cherkasskie Tishki - Sokolovo 6 (04.03) - Ternovaja (14.03.) - Mohnach (15.03.) - Velikij Burluk (17.03.) - Zacharovka (20.-25.03.) - Veseloe (31.03.-04.05.) - Novy Oskol - rw Valujki - rw Novohopersk (09.05.)
|Main combat operations:
Battle of Sokolovo (08. - 09.03.1943)
||The battalion lost at least 112 soldiers (including 3 company commanders and 10 platoon commanders) in combat operations during this period
30.01.1943 - 1st Czechoslovak independent field battalion before departure to the front.
Commander colonel Svoboda receives report - © www.ludviksvoboda.cz
Weapons and equipment
Czechoslovak recruits coming to Buzuluk were dressed in civilian or prisoner clothes. Only the first group that arrived from Oranky was
dressed in the Red Army working uniform. Fortunately, the previous occupants of the Buzuluk barracks where the Czechoslovaks were
quartered had been General W. Anders’ Polish Army, which had left behind 3 000 British battle dresses. After negotiations with the
Soviets, the Czechoslovaks began to use the British uniforms. In addition, they filled out their kit by acquiring fur caps, officers’
fur coats and winter boots. The first weapons arrived only in autumn 1942 7; until then, the
Czechoslovaks had drilled with wooden ones.
|Pistols and revolvers
|Semiautomatic rifles [Tokarev SVT-40]
|Submachine guns [Shpagin PPSh-41]
|Light machine guns [Degtyarev DP-27]
|Heavy machine guns [Maxim 1910]
|14.5 mm antitank rifles [PTRS-41]
|45 mm antitank guns
|50 mm mortars [PM-40]
|82 mm mortars [PM-41]
Structure of unit (08.03.1943)
- Commander – General N. F. Vatutin.
- Commander – Lieutenant General P. S. Rybalko.
- Commander – Major General P. M. Shafarenko.
- Commander – Major General G. H. Zaitsev.
- E. Kulka states in his book "Jews in Svoboda’s Czechoslovak army" that about 70% of the battalion was Jewish.
- Sokolovo was in the 1st Company’s defense sector; the rest of the ballation was deployed in the villages of Artukhovka and Mirgorod until 11.03.1943.
- First delivery on 21.10., second on 15.11.1942.
rw = railway.
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