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Czechoslovak military units in the USSR (1942 - 1945)
1st Czechoslovak Army Corps
1st Czechoslovak Join Air Division


General facts

From - to: 25.01.1945 1 - 03.08.1945 2
Subordinate to: 3 4th Ukrainian Front, Soviet 8th Air Army 4
14.05.1945 - Soviet 2nd Air Army
Commander: Colonel Ludvík Budín
Number: 25.01.1945 - 294 persons 5
14.04.1945 - 520 persons
National composition: in all during its mission there served 556 Czechs and Slovaks, 297 Russians, 110 Ukrainians, 16 Armenians and members of other nations
Composition: 25.01.1945 - 8 staff, 110 pilots, 45 shooters, 131 technicians
Transfers (airports): Przemysl [PL] - Iwonicz (20.02.) - Katowice [6] (07.04.) - Poręba (Pszczyna) 6 (12.04.) - Albrechtičky [CZ] (11.05.) - Praha (Letňany) (15.05.)
Main combat operations: Ostrava's operation (14.04. - 01.05.1945)
Unit awards: 23.04.1945 - Stalin's citation in order no. 241 for the liberation of Opava
30.04.1945 - Stalin's citation in order no. 353 for the combats of Ostrava
03.05.1945 - Stalin's citation in order no. 361 for the combats of Tešín
Czechoslovak military order of the white lion "For Victory" (1st grade)
Czechoslovak war cross from 1939
Czechoslovak war cross from 1939
Czechoslovak medal "For gallantry in the face of the enemy"


Weapons and equipment

planned14.04.30.04.15.05.
Airplane [La-5 FN]72322626
Airplane [Il-2]40332924
Airplane [La-7]min 826
Airplane [ULa-5 FN] 7min 4min 44
Airplane [UIl-2] 72
Airplane [Po-2]min 27
Airplane [W-34 (Hi)]1
Airplane [FW-58]1


Pilots were dressed in khaki uniforms.


Structure of unit (25.01.1945)


subaltern units

technical support outside unit

01/45 - Soviet 851st Aerodrome Battalion;
14.05. - Soviet 479th Aerodrome Battalion.


Inspection of the 1st Czechoslovak Join Air Division on airport Poręba (13.04.1945) - © Alexandr Dvořák
Inspection of the 1st Czechoslovak Join Air Division on airport Poręba (13.04.1945)
© Alexandr Dvořák

Notes:
  1. Created on basement of the 1st Czechoslovak Independent Fighter Air Regiment.
  2. Post war reorganization, basement for the 4th Czechoslovak Join Air Division.
  3. Was disciplinary subordinated to command of the 1st Czechoslovak Army Corps, but in combat actions subordinated to the Soviet air command.
  4. Commander Lieutenant General V. N. Zhdanov.
  5. Until April 1945 the Division got another 147 Soviet technicians.
  6. 1st Fighter Air Regiment and 3rd Attack Air Regiment. The 2nd Fighter Air Regiment continued in training on airport Iwonicz (near Krosno), from 12.04. on airport Balice and Miedzyrzecze (near Krakow).
  7. ULa-5 and UIl-2 were training modifications of planes La-5 and Il-2.

Abbreviations:
[PL] = Poland, [CZ] = Czech lands; min = at minimum.


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