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Czechoslovak military units in the USSR (1942 - 1945)
Medals and decorations


During and after the battle march of the Czechoslovak units from the USSR to their country its members were awarded both Czechoslovak and Soviet orders, medals and badges. Some of them joined units already with medals 1 from the beginning of the fight against nazism 2. Awarded were not only individuals but also the whole units.

Czechoslovak orders and medals

Awarded during war:

Awarded after war:
  • Czechoslovak military order of the white lion "For Victory"
  • Czechoslovak commander's order of Jan Zizka of Trocnov
  • Czechoslovak military order "For Freedom"
  • Order of Slovak national uprising
  • Czechoslovak military medal "For Merit"

Commemorative medals:

Soviet orders, medals and badges


Validation of the comferment of the Soviet Order or Medal "For Courage" or "For Combat Service"

On web page of Russian site "Memory of the Nation", you can find, among other things, information about the honored persons by Soviet orders and medals, including Czechoslovak soldiers. In the case of a positive result, you can look into the grant document ("Nagradnoj list") and find out the details of the reasons for the nomination.

The procedure is following:

1) Open https://pamyat-naroda.ru;

2) Enter "Familija" = "Surname" in the form, but in Cyrillic!, which may be a transcription problem, or perhaps a birthday = "Date of Birth", but there may be also problem, as many records include just a year of birth.


3) Find the person in offered list.

4) After clicking on the person, they will be displayed following information: date of birth; military unit; date of entry into service; unit, which nominated person for award; for what award; date of heroic act; number of registration fund; number of copy, case number and name of the archive..


3) It is also possible to see the scan of the relevant order for awarding a medal, a scan with the name of the person in the order and, in particular, a scan of the "award document" with additional information about the person and the circumstances of the awards: 1. surname, first name; 2. rank; 3. function and classification in the unit, and in particular, what distinction is proposed; 4. year of birth; 5. nationality; 6. party affiliation; 7. for participating in which battle or combat; 8. if wounded, where and when; 9. from when in the army (which army); 10. how he entered the army; 11. whether he has been previously appraised for the heroic act in question; 12. the permanent address of the person concerned and the address of his family. In particular, the document describes the reason for award nomination. At the end of the document is the date and the name of the commander who processed the proposal.





Notes:
  1. As "Order of Spanish Republic", "Polish War Cross", "British Distinguished Service Order".
  2. 1936-1939 in Spanish civil war (Spain), 1939 in Tarnopol (Poland), 1940 France, 1940 Great Britain (pilots in battle of Britain), 1941 Middle East (defense of Tobruk).
  3. It can be assumed that the badge could also be awarded to Czechoslovak soldiers.

Sources:
  • Pulec Vladivoj - Československá státní vyznamenání, státní čestná uznání a ceny (Czechoslovak state awards, appreciation of honour and prizes), SNTL + Alfa, Praha 1980 (1st edition).
  • Orders and Medals of the USSR [in Russian] - professional and detailed information about Soviet military awards.
  • The Soviet Military Awards page [in English] - dedicated to providing quality infromation about the military and labor awards of the former Soviet Union.
  • Pamjať naroda [in Russian] - a portal with the ability to search for distinguished persons, military units and their daily orders, military operations, etc.
  • Order of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR on the title of Hero of the Soviet Union to officers of the 1st Czechoslovak Independent Brigade in the USSR Order Suvorov II. degrees from December 21, 1943.
  • Order of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR on the award of orders and medals to soldiers and officers of the 1st Czechoslovak Independent Brigade in the USSR Order of Suvorov II. degrees from December 21, 1943.
  • Order of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR on the award of orders and medals of the USSR to soldiers and officers of the 1st Czechoslovak Independent Brigade in the USSR Order of Suvorov and Bogdan Chmelnicky from 23.03.1944.
  • Order of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR on the award of orders to the units of the 1st Czechoslovak Army Corps from 2?.05.1945.
  • Order of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR on the award of orders to the units of the 1st Czechoslovak Army Corps from 2?.05.1945.
  • Order of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR on the award of orders to the units of the 1st Czechoslovak Army Corps from 2?.05.1945.
  • Order of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR on the award of the soviet orders to the generals of the 1st Czechoslovak Army Corps from August 10, 1945.
  • Order of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR on the award of orders of the USSR to the generals, officers and soldiers of the 1st Czechoslovak Army Corps from 10.08.1945.
  • Sokolovo 1943, Naše Vojsko, Praha 2004 (1st edition) - the book also includes an overview of the honors from battle for Sokolovo.
  • Kopecký Milan - 1st Czechoslovak independent engineering battalion (1944 - 1945), Ministerstvo obrany ČR, Praha 2007 - the book also includes a list of distinguished engineers and sappers.

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